5 Ways to Challenge Your Implicit Bias (November 2018 CRT)

[3 minute read] Our 2018-2019 calendar emphasizes developing an understanding & responding to the context of your classroom. We start with an inspirational quote, back it up with research, then provide you with classroom application ideas. Our November 2018 blog post, written by Instructional Designer Michelle Escudier, takes a deeper dive into identifying your implicit bias.


“Deconstructing our unconscious bias takes consistent work. We can’t address it once and be done. We need to recognize these unwanted, deep-rooted beliefs and limit their influence on us. Then our actions will match our intentions.” -Sarah Fiarman, Unconscious Bias: When Good Intentions Aren’t Enough

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According to Boysen, Thirty-four percent of undergraduate students report perceiving themselves as a target of subtle bias in the classroom. The most frequent characteristic targeted for subtle bias was sex (36%), followed by race or ethnicity (19%), religion (16%), class (10%), sexual orientation (5%), disability (3%), and other (11%). (Incidents of Bias in College Classrooms: Instructor and Student Perceptions)

Read to learn about how:

  • Implicit bias impacts your behavior
  • To challenge your implicit bias
  • Simple changes to classroom structures can deconstruct bias

Unconscious, implicit bias, may be more prevalent in our college classrooms than college faculty perceive. Exploration of implicit bias in our classrooms enables educators to take steps forward in creating a culturally responsive classroom where learning occurs for all students.

An Example of Implicit Bias

Let’s say I have a computer science student, Lulu, who is an undereducated, middle-aged, and from a middle-eastern culture. Lulu’s work history is non-existent, and this is her first venture into community college. She has stayed at home raising her four children. A negative implicit bias I might have could be against stay-at-home moms, or women from the Middle East, or middle-aged persons entering college. I, as an instructor, unconsciously assume that Lulu is not as capable of learning code and that she would not fit into our interactive, tech-dominated classroom culture. Consequently, my enthusiasm for working with Lulu is lacking – and it shows.

Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) calls us to consider, celebrate, and use the cultures that our students come from to make an inclusive classroom where learning is driven by an understanding of our students’ cultures. Implicit bias informs my behavior and prevents me from working with Lulu on a deeper level. By examining my own biases and learning about her culture and background, I can learn more about her needs as a student and accelerate her success in my classroom.

Five Steps to Challenge Implicit Bias in Your Classrooms:

  1. Increase awareness of your own bias: Take the Project Implicit bias test. This test, sponsored by Harvard, enables users to explore their feelings of bias against people of different cultures, races, genders, and age groups.
  2. Name it where you see it: Join colleagues in examining bias by discussing what goes on in your classrooms. These collaborative efforts can go all the way from informal faculty chats to departmental initiatives. Be willing to be open and honest and agree to “name it where you see it.” An online Facebook group has been created specifically for this purpose. Join CRTxACC.
  3. Collect Data: What are the patterns of success and failure in your own students? Do non-native English speakers have trouble following your instructions? Are students working alone when they would rather be collaborating? Are students not participating in your classroom discussions because of the way they are structured?
  4. Anticipate bias: Create systems in your classroom to reduce bias. Use rubrics or other grading systems to help eliminate grading bias. What are your classroom discipline procedures? Are they designed to be distributed equitably?
  5. Build empathy by getting to know your students: Find out what you have in common with your students by taking Panormead.com survey with them or designing your own survey.

While “Thirty-four percent of undergraduates reported perceiving themselves as a target of subtle bias” (Boysen, 2009), this doesn’t have to be a number we accept. As educators, we can take steps in our classroom to recognize implicit bias to build a better learning environment for all students.

CRTxACC

To support faculty who are exploring and implementing culturally responsive teaching in their courses, we’ve created a Private Facebook Group to facilitate collegial conversations.

CRTxACC members are encouraged to share resources, experiences, and questions to deepen their understanding of culturally responsive teaching.

Join the Online Community

References

Boysen, G. A., Vogel, D. L., Cope, M. A., & Hubbard, A. (2009). Incidents of bias in college classrooms: Instructor and student perceptions. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 2(4), 219-231. doi:10.1037/a0017538

Fiarman, S. E. (2016). Unconscious Bias: When Good Intentions Aren’t Enough. Educational Leadership, 74(3), 10-15

Staats, C., Capatosto, K., Wright, R. A., & Contractor, D. (2015). State of the science: Implicit bias review 2015. Columbus, OH: Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University

ProjectImplicit: https://www.projectimplicit.net/

“Project Implicit investigates thoughts and feelings that exist outside of conscious awareness or conscious control. Visit the research or demonstration websites to try out some tests and learn more about the research and yourself! PARTICIPATE!”

Panorama Education: https://backtoschool.panoramaed.com/

Get to know your students from day one with a 15 minutes survey, instant feedback and explore similarities between you and your students.

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