Apical Window

PW of LV inflow (tips)

From the apical 4C view, place the PW Doppler sample volume at the tips of the mitral leaflets. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

PW of LV inflow (annulus)

From the apical 4C view, place the PW Doppler sample volume at the annulus of the mitral valve. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

2-4-02
2-4-02

CW of LV inflow

From the apical 4C view, align the cursor across the center of mitral valve flow. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

PW of Pulm Venous Flow

From the apical 4C view, optimize the left atrium by increasing the depth. Using color Doppler, angle and rotate to optimize flow of the right upper pulmonary vein. Place the PW Doppler sample volume in the flow and activate Doppler.

PW LVOT

From the apical 5C view, place the PW sample volume just proximal to the aortic valve cusps. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

CW AV

From the apical 5C view, align the cursor center of aortic valve flow. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

CW TV

From the apical 4C modified RV view, align the CW Doppler cursor center of tricuspid valve flow. Optimize the signal to eliminate spikes and feathering.

PW Doppler sampling just proximal to the aortic valve would demonstrate

Correct
Incorrect

The modal velocity of a Doppler spectrum represents

Correct
Incorrect

A spectral analysis waveform of the pulmonic valve from the PSAX view should be

Correct
Incorrect